Education is the collective process of fostering learning, the acquisition of educational knowledge, abilities, behaviors, social skills, ethics, beliefs, and practices. Educational systems may include formal education, community education, home schooling, and informal education such as travel and tourism education, adult education, technical education, GED education, bachelor education, and master’s education. Most industrialized countries have an extensive system of public education. The most developed countries, in terms of educational policy, spend more on education than the less developed countries.
Education in most advanced countries includes both formal teaching methods and informal learning. Informal learning refers to the use of certain strategies such as listening, observations, experimentation, inquiry and modification, group work, and problem solving as important tools for education. Formal teaching methods are typically classroom instruction and structured lessons, manuals and books, laboratories, and school-wide activities. These teach students how to learn by practicing and modifying existing methods of learning, and also provide teachers with a variety of instructional opportunities.
Many developing countries lack qualified teachers. In many poor countries, there is not a professional certification or licensing exam for teachers. In some developed countries, however, teachers have professional credentials such as accreditation, registration, licensing, or certification. An unsupervised rural primary or middle school teaching system can lead to early career failures and low levels of educational attainment. The curriculum and teaching methods should be structured, appropriate feedback provided to students at various stages of learning, a strong student-teacher relationship, competent implementation of curriculum and lesson plans, and a respect for each student’s personal needs. The educational system should promote and accommodate diversity.
The key principles of successful nonformal education systems are: competent implementation of curriculum and lesson plans, quality supervision by qualified teachers, effective and efficient feedback, respect for individual needs and preferences, and an atmosphere of mutual respect. The curriculum should be designed in a way that takes into account the interests, abilities, experiences, talents, perspectives, talents, and differences of the various pupils. The lessons should be stimulating and enjoyable for the students. The methods of teaching and the curriculum should be developed in a manner that facilitates independent learning and quality control. Students should be encouraged to participate in the assessment of their performance and progress, which is done through periodic appraisal exercises.
Professional development for teachers involves professional development of classroom teaching positions. Teachers can participate in professional development programs that give them the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and practice skills in core areas of education such as mathematics, reading, English, history, and science. Some states sponsor professional teacher education programs. Most teachers get basic education training from college or high school. Some advanced training can be obtained through completion of a diploma program or through receiving certification.
Aspiring teachers should choose the type of program that suits them best. There are two types of education system: school education systems and distance education systems. The latter provides opportunities for working teachers to develop their career by increasing their qualifications and acquiring additional job experience. School education system puts in charge appointed teachers and provides them with fixed procedures and objectives for teaching. They may teach for a specified amount of time, work for a set number of years, or be eligible for an extended teaching contract.