Education and Social Media
Education is the process of fostering learning, the acquisition of learning experiences, skills, knowledge, values, attitudes, and behaviors. Educational systems may employ direct teaching, coaching, interactive learning, study and directed activity, problem solving, and developmental activities. Some of the various types of education are academic education, training and development, general education, vocational education, adult education, home education, correctional education, religious education, foreign language education, special education, social work education, and interpersonal education. In addition, education includes various modes of indirect learning such as correspondence, informality, and training.
The two main types of education are formal and informal education. Formal education can be either a structured curriculum, a prescribed course of study, or a set of instructions that must be followed to acquire a certain degree. On the other hand, informal education is self-directed, usually based on experiences, trials, and observations. Informal education includes all those types of education that are organized around the basic needs of students and designed to help them develop and improve their knowledge base and develop personal skills. Formal education includes the learning processes and principles of disciplines such as science, social sciences, engineering, math, health, education, and humanities. Informal education also includes the basic learning processes and principles of the different disciplines such as physical sciences, engineering, health, education, and humanities.
Learning theories refer to assumptions about how people acquire knowledge and how they learn. For instance, cognitive learning refers to the ability to assimilate information provided by experience and to apply it creatively. Instinctive learning is self-directed and is learned through the available mass media, for example, reading, listening, watching, and interacting with others. Extensive study is a long-term, comprehensive, investigation of a specific topic. In the research arena, this is often done by using journals, books, articles, and government or industry reports. Other extensive types of education systems include vocational education systems that provide apprentice, licensed, skilled, and graduate level education and classroom education systems that provide instruction in specified areas of study.
The instructional design process incorporates assessment of each student’s individual learning style and preferences in the instructional environment. This includes formative assessments at the primary and secondary levels, as well as guided sessions at the tertiary level. Classroom design also incorporates assessment of individual learning style and preferences. Formative assessment of students includes tests for critical thinking, attention, memory, reasoning, organization, and skill acquisition. Instructional design is used to build and refine students’ basic learning skills through structured, experiential, and hands-on learning processes. Non-formal education systems include training programs, job education, after-school programs, workshops, seminars, and tutoring.
A distance education system allows students to attend a conventional school located in another part of the country or in a different city, province, state, or region. A correspondence education system allows students to attend classes on a part-time or full-time basis at a conventional college or university located in the same area as where the classes are held. Both types of education systems allow students to earn a university degree. An education system offers the benefits of a higher quality of education without the costs associated with attending a traditional college or university. Distance education allows you to continue in your chosen career without having to leave your current job.
An informal education system can be described as any learning process that is characterized by the use of communication media such as informal communication tools such as face-to-face communication, video conferencing, audio cassettes, and text messaging. Informal learning typically refers to any learning process that does not require a supervised instructor, has no prescribed curriculum, and relies upon learners’ own knowledge and ability. Informal education can take the form of a combination of various other forms of social media. It has been argued that social media such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter have a negative effect on the traditional concept of non-formal education. However, this argument is not well founded because while there are some negative aspects to these websites, they have also provided many educational opportunities to those willing to look deeper into the different options available.